Universitas Indonesia Conferences, The 8th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

Font Size: 
The Adaptation of Children’s Disaster Education Methods in Japan for Children in Bukittinggi, West Sumatra
Mukhlis Arifin

Last modified: 2022-06-07


Disaster preparedness has been discussed amid the frequency of multiple disasters globally that have occurred in the last decade. The triple disaster in Fukushima that occurred in March 2011 already shows us how severe the damage when disaster came consecutively. Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction marks the awareness that there is the possibility that disaster can cooperate and increase the destructive power to the society's livelihood. Scholar has given a warning about the threat that potentially occur because of human action and the global condition of the earth. This warning needs an immediate response, especially in giving the children proper knowledge about the disaster. As a vulnerable group, children need a model of understanding to survive during a disaster. Bukittinggi, West Sumatra, Indonesia, is a small town with multiple disaster probabilities: flood, landslide, earthquake, and volcano eruption. This paper will analyze how Japan, as a country prone to disasters, provides education to children from an early age to prepare themselves for disasters. This method later will be recomposed to match children's behavior in Bukittinggi. This paper will be using the qualitative method. The data will be collected by interviewing the children in Bukittinggi and literature studies to understand disaster preparedness education in Japan. Seeing the condition of Indonesia, which is experiencing a demographic bonus, disaster preparedness education is a crucial thing that needs to be built and developed in Indonesia, especially in Bukittinggi, West Sumatra.



Aldrich. D. P. 2019. Black wave: how networks and governance shaped Japan’s 3/11 disasters. University of Chicago Press: United State of America

Atsuji, S. 2016. Unsafety: Disaster Management, Organizational Accidents, and Crisis Sciences for Sustainability. Springer: Japan

Berger, P L and Thomas, L. 1966. The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Penguin Group: USA

Bryman, A. 2012. Social Research Methods: Fourth Edition. Oxford University Press: New York

Cresswell, J W. 2009. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. California: SAGE Publications Inc.

Masterson, J. H., Peacock, W. G., Van Zandt, S., Grover, H., Schwarz, L. F., & Cooper, J. T. 2014. Planning for community resilience: a handbook for reducing vulnerability to disasters. Washington: Island Press.

Shiraishi, K. dan Matoba, N. 2019. Depopulation, Deindustrialisation and Disasters. Palgrave Macmillan

Oda, T. 2016. Schools, Teachers, and Training in Risk Reduction After the 2011 TohokuDisaster. dalam Shiwaku, Koichi et.al. 2016 .Disaster Resilience of Education Systems: Experience from Japan. Springer Japan

Özerdem, A. dan Jacoby, T. 2006. Disaster Management and Civil Society: Earthquake Relief in Japan, Turkey and India. I.B.Tauris & Co Ltd: London

Sakurai, Aiko. 2016. Governance of the Education Sector and Disaster Risk Reduction dalam Shiwaku, Koichi et.al. 2016 .Disaster Resilience of Education Systems: Experience from Japan. Springer Japan

Shiwaku, K dan Rajib S 2016. Introduction: Disaster Risk Reduction and Education System dalam Shiwaku, Koichi et.al. 2016 .Disaster Resilience of Education Systems: Experience from Japan. Springer Japan

Suzuki Y., Hayashi Y., Tsukahara K. 2016. Why Is Resilience Lost? dalam  Disaster Resilient Cities: Concepts and Practical Examples , pp. 3-10. Elsevier: Oxford

Sekimov, A. 2012. Comparative study of Disaster Management of Japan and Kyrgyz Republic. International Cooperation Department International Cooperation Department Ministry of Emergency Situations of Kyrgyz Republic: Asian Disaster Reduction Center

Watanabe et al., 2019. japan fukushima daiichi nuclear power plant accident dalam Hoven CW, Amsel LV, Tyano S. 2019. An International Perspective on Disasters and Children’s Mental Health, Integrating Psychiatry and Primary Care.Springer Nature Switzerland

Bajek, R., Matsuda, Y., Okada, N. (2008). Japan’s Jishu-bosai-shoshiki Community Activies : Analysis of Its Role in Participatory Community Disaster Risk Management. Natural Hazards, 44, 281-292: Springer

Gavari-Starkie, E., Casado-Claro, M. F., & Navarro-González, I. (2021). The Japanese Educational System as an International Model for Urban Resilience. International journal of environmental research and public health18(11), 5794. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115794

Katada, T dan  Kanai, M. (2016). The School Education to Improve the Disaster Response Capacity : A Case of “Kamaishi Miracle”. Journal of Disaster Research. 11. 845-856. 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0845.

Kinoshita, I dan Helen W. 2015. Children’s Play Environment after a Disaster: The Great East Japan Earthquake. MDPI, Children

Kitagawa, K. 2015. Disaster preparedness in Japan: the hybrid politics of ‘kyojo [mutual aid]’. Core: United Kingdom. Diakses pada 10 Agustus 2021. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/79540732.pdf

Kitagawa, K. 2015. Continuity and change in disaster education in Japan. History of Education, 44:3, 371-390, DOI: 10.1080/0046760X.2014.979255

Shiwaku, K. 2014. Comparative study on teacher training for school disaster management in Armenia and Japan. Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 23 Iss 2 pp. 197 - 211

Uchida, O. et al., 2021. Development and Implementation of an ICT-based Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Education Program for the Young Generation. Information Systems Frontiers. 22. 10.1007/s10796-020-10082-9.

Yamori, K., Sugiyama, T. 2020. Development and Social Implementation of Smartphone App Nige-Tore for Improving Tsunami Evacuation Drills: Synergistic Effects Between Commitment and ContingencyInt J Disaster Risk Sci 11, 751–761. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13753-020-00319-1














Conference registration is required in order to view papers.