Universitas Indonesia Conferences, The 8th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

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Social Accountability in New Developmental State: The Role of Marginals in Village Governance
Muhammad Syukri

Last modified: 2022-06-05


Accountability has been a stabile principle of democratic governance: every authority must be held accountable. There have been many efforts to institutionalise accountability in politics and governance, such as direct election and decentralization. In 2014, Indonesian government issued Law No 06 on village. With this law, decentralisation is deepened, and village is given more autonomy. This law also reintroduced principles of participation into village governance, allowing villagers from different walk of life to be involved in governance, including in holding the village government accountable. This research aims to scrutinise how villagers, especially the marginals, can participate in holding village government accountable. Th research was conducted using mix method where the survey was implemented in 40 villages in five different provinces, and the qualitative fieldwork was carried out in 13 villages. The result showed that accountability measures have been in place in villages. However, the institutional innovation of the village law is not yet adequate to boost the marginals’ role in village governance.

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