Universitas Indonesia Conferences, 1st International Conference on Advance Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

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Preparation of Microcrystalline Cellulose from Water Hyacinth Powder by Enzymatic Hydrolysis Using Cellulase of Local Isolate
Herman Suryadi

Last modified: 2016-11-11


Microcrystalline cellulose is one of the cellulose derivatives  widely used in the pharmaceutical industry as an excipient in the manufacture of tablets. Unfortunately, most of these filler materials are still largely imported. On the other hand, Indonesia has huge potential to generate microcrystalline cellulose from agricultural waste or weeds such as oil palm empty fruit bunch and water hyacinth. The purpose of this study was to find a potential cellulolytic mold and raw material for preparation of microcrystalline cellulose by enzymatic hydrolysis. Potential cellulolytic mold was obtained from rotted oil palm trunk, and alpha cellulose was prepared by digesting raw material powder by alkaline condition. Cellulase enzymes are obtained through extraction from the cellulolitic mold and used to treat alpha cellulose at concentration of 2, 6 and 10 % v/v, respectively. Then, the resulted microcrystalline cellulose were identified by SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope) and XRD (X-Ray Diffraction) and compared with reference Avicel pH 101. The results showed that crude enzyme of isolated mold has better activity than reference Trichoderma reesei enzyme, which produced lower concentration of glucose. Based on the comparison of crystal morphology and diffractogram pattern, water hyacinth has a great potential which showed crystalline characteristic similar to microcrystalline cellulose reference (Avicel pH 101).

Keywords :  water hyacinth, microcrystalline cellulose, enzymatic hydrolysis, Trichoderma reesei