Universitas Indonesia Conferences, The 8th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

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Peatland Sustainability: Analysis of Ecological, Agrarian, and Socio- Economic Aspects of Agriculture in Tanjung Jabung Barat, Jambi
Rina Mardiana

Last modified: 2022-06-06


Through a long process of co-adaptation and evolution, people who live on peatlands develop agricultural commodities that are suitable for the peat ecosystem, which is called paludiculture. Recently, paludiculture is seen as the best technique for restoring peat ecosystems. This is because the paludiculture system   is a form of peatland management that is ecologically, productively and socio-economically sustainable. One of the plantation commodities suitable for peatland is liberica coffee (Coffea liberica). The people of Tanjung Jabung Barat District had practiced liberika coffee plantations in an agroforestry way. Generally, people plant areca nut and coconut trees on the edge of peat ditches which function as soil protectors so they don't slide off the water. Meanwhile, liberica coffee grows well under the shade of areca and coconut. However, recently, the expansion of palm oil plantation has begun to enter and gradually replace the liberica coffee tree. Thus, plantation commodities developed by the community on peatlands are agroforestry for oil palm, areca nut, coconut, coffee, and horticulture crops such as bananas, cassava, papaya, and vegetables.  This study aims to examine three aspects, namely ecology, agrarian, and socio-economic agriculture on peatlands. The research conducted in Tanjung Jabung Barat as the largest district of liberika coffee producers. The community's peatlands analyzed by the aspect of ecological conditions (depth/shallowness of peatlands, ditches/canals, topography, and peat agroecosystems), socio-economic conditions of agriculture (paludiculture), and agrarian conditions (land status, identification of tenure/ownership, management and utilization of peatlands).


Key words: Peatland Sustainability, Liberica Coffee, and Paludiculture

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