Universitas Indonesia Conferences, The 8th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

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Spells and Sow Rice : How the Ngaju People Ward off Evil Spirits
Sri Murni

Last modified: 2022-06-06


Humans during their lifetime must have been in contact with disaster (bala). Troubles caused by individual or collective actions. Bala is caused by mistakes independently or collectively. Bala are in the form of fires (houses, forests), driving accidents, the Covid-19 pandemic, environmental damage, and so on. The Ngaju people have a way, a way of warding off evil spirits that is passed down from generation to generation and socialized through oral tradition. Warding off evil spirits is done through the ritual of chanting incantations and sowing rice. The research has been conducted since 2016 offline in Sei Hanyo Village, Kapuas Hulu District, Kapuas Regency, Central Kalimantan. Further data collection will be conducted online by telephone in 2020-2022. The Ngaju Dayak people in Sei Hanyo will perform the ritual of rejecting reinforcements in December 2021 as an effort to clean the environment and ward off the Covid-19 pandemic. The chanting of incantations and rice sowing carried out around the ritual site is believed to be able to ward off the transmission of Covid-19 among the residents of Sei Hanyo village.

Keywords: ritual, spells, sow rice, ngaju, evil spirits

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