Universitas Indonesia Conferences, The 8th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

Font Size: 
Muhammad Junaidi

Last modified: 2022-05-27


Changes in the ecosystem in the Bahodopi area, which was previously an agricultural area, which was later designated as a nickel mining industrial area, have changed the characteristics of society and culture in Bahodopi. The flood disaster was one of the impacts caused by the change of the area into a mining area in several villages such as Dampala village, Le-le village, Siumbatu village and Bahomakmur village since the operation of the mining company. In addition to floods, potential disasters threaten the existence of the community such as the potential for food insecurity. The subsistence crisis occurred because the land used for gardening and lowland rice farming was damaged due to flooding that brought soil and sand materials causing soil quality to decline which resulted in decreased productivity. Likewise, the production of coastal fishermen in Bahodopi has decreased because the fishing areas on the coast are polluted by mining activities.

This disaster situation and potential threats do not automatically make the Bahodopi community passive but develop collective and individual ways to deal with them. Strategies and tactics taken to deal with the threat of flooding consciously and actively in disasters faced collectively such as floods. The community collectively has a bargaining position as "territory owners" against mining companies operating in the Bahodopi area. The potential threat of food insecurity experienced by the community in agricultural activities, the tactics by changing the method of production (commodities and certain potential land use). For groups of fishermen who are unable to deal with polluted sea conditions, they choose to take advantage of economic opportunities because the Bahoodopi area has grown to become an industrial city and many migrant workers are working in mining companies. Individual tactics emphasize the ability of individual economic capital, social capital such as taking advantage of opportunities and access networks to economic resources, and their cultural knowledge capital.

This study shows that the Bahodopi people who live side by side with mining companies with all the potential threats of disaster and vulnerability still exist by making tactics on these conditions that are carried out consciously.

Keywords: floods, mines, cultural tactics

Conference registration is required in order to view papers.