Universitas Indonesia Conferences, The 8th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

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Migration and Farmer Household Livelihood Strategies : Factors Influencing the Decision To Migrate
Rani Andriani Budi Kusumo

Last modified: 2022-06-05


West Java is one of the provinces with a high percentage of poor farmer's households. Furthermore, migration is often associated with economic conditions and is carried out by farmer's households as a form of livelihood strategy to cope with poverty and vulnerability. This research aims to describe the migration carried out by farmers and to analyze the factors influencing the decision of members to migrate. The data from the Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) in 2007 and 2014 was used for the analysis. The respondents are members of farmer's households in West Java Province, a total of 615 individuals, including 89 migrants and 526 non-migrants. Descriptive analysis and logistic regression were used to answer the research objectives. The results showed that most of the migrants are of productive age, married, and with a low level of education. The decision to migrate is strongly influenced by age and perceived vulnerability, which is seen as the ability to meet current needs and the needs of children.

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