Universitas Indonesia Conferences, The 8th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

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Planned ocean Grabbing in Indonesia: Study on reclamation and sea sand mining projects in 26 Provincial Regulations for Zoning Coastal Areas and Small Islands
Parid Ridwanuddin, Fikerman Saragih

Last modified: 2022-06-06


The term ocean grabbing is used to highlight important processes and dynamics that negatively impact people and communities whose way of life, cultural identity, and livelihoods depend on their involvement in small-scale fishing. Deprivation of marine space occurs through policies, laws, and practices that define and allocate access, use, and control of fisheries resources away from small-scale fishers and their communities. This paper aims to explain the planned ocean grabbing in 26 documents of the Provincial Zoning Regulations for Coastal Zone and Small Islands, in particular for reclamation projects and sea sand mining. Both of these projects have proven to have destroyed the aquatic ecosystems that serve as fishing grounds for fisherfolks, as well as destroying their socio-economic life. All of this happens because, in the zoning regulation, fishing catch areas are allocated in public use areas along with other allocations, such as reclamation, sea sand mining, oil and gas mining, tourism, ports, underwater pipelines/cables, and other allocations.


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