Universitas Indonesia Conferences, The 8th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

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Marine, Coastal and Small Islands Agrarian Reform Movement as Policy Innovation for Conflict Resolution in Coastal Areas and Small Islands
Ari Wibowo, Pande Made Kutanegara, Agustinus Subarsono

Last modified: 2022-06-06


This study aims to look at the various initiatives to resolve land tenure conflicts based on coastal and archipelagic agrarian conflicts between the Pari Island Community and the Company. This research was conducted using qualitative research methods with a case study approach. Data was collected by collecting documents, archive records, interviews, direct observation, participant observation, and FGD. The development agenda mindset that tends to favor large-scale investment has ignored the diversity of local development practices, resulting in coastal and marine grabbing; discrimination as well; the exclusion of coastal communities. Pari Island is part of the Thousand Islands which has a long history of structural conflicts (ownership, control, distribution, and access) based on maritime, coastal and archipelagic tenure that have occurred since the 1990s and have not been resolved until now. Various initiatives have been carried out both at the level of policy, regulation, mediation, to the offer of agrarian reform in marine, coastal and small islands. These efforts involve multiple parties; communities, civil society organizations, the private sector, local governments to the central government. However, until now, efforts to resolve tenure conflicts have not been comprehensively resolved. Although social movements have not been able to achieve full political achievements, a further meaning is that they have obtained cultural achievements that are fundamental to the political victory of the next movement in the long term.

Keywords: Policy Advocacy, Social Movement, Coastal Communities and Small Islands

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