Universitas Indonesia Conferences, 7th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

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Segregation and Strategy of the Bugis-Makassar Community Relationship in Ambon
Rudolf Rahabeath

Building: Soegondo Building
Room: 126
Date: 2019-07-25 01:00 PM – 02:30 PM
Last modified: 2019-06-18




One of the fundamental problems in the life of post-colonial Indonesian society is the segregation of society based on religion and ethnicity. The 1999 Maluku conflict caused a wave of refugees inside and outside Maluku. The religious nuances of conflict had resulted in the hardening of segregation that had been planted long before in the Dutch colonial era. Segregation of the population not only deprives the community of its physical territory, but also in the psychological and cognitive domains and social relations. In this context, there are subtly the efforts and strategies of the community to build connectivity both in terms of ethnicity and religion and to cross it. Interesting strategies to be studied in more depth with an ethnographic approach.

In particular, this paper will focus on the Bugis-Makassar people who live in Maluku, especially the city of Ambon. The Bugis-Makassar community who lived in Maluku before and after the conflict had high adaptability in the new environment. The migrant mentality based on the values ​​of Bugis-Makassar culture has become a strong driving factor for them to explore new areas, including in Maluku.

This paper intends to explore the dimensions of population displacement due to conflict, as well as the consequences arising from these movements. This paper will examine the ability of the Bugis-Makassar community to adapt to the new socio-cultural environment and interdependence that crosses ethnic and religious boundaries. Economic, educational, religious and marriage activities are the medium of their connection with the local community. This paper is expected to contribute to the development of theoretical concepts related to adaptation and connectedness in the context of plural societies.


Keywords: segregation, Bugis-Makassar, adaptation, connectedness