Universitas Indonesia Conferences, 7th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

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Tourism as a Form of "Rebellion" of the Community To Get Out of the Pressures of Life
Fahri Hidayat

Building: Soegondo Building
Room: 524
Date: 2019-07-25 10:30 AM – 12:00 PM
Last modified: 2019-06-18

Abstract


Tugu Utara Village is located in the Puncak Mountains Region, Cisarua District, Bogor Regency, West Java Province and is surrounded by tea plantations and forest areas. Historically, the population of this village was tied up in a working relationship with the Ciliwung Tea Plantation Company (PT. SSBP). They has an economic relationship by working as a tea plantation worker since the colonial era. In the days of Indonesia's independence, Tugu Utara Village citizens lived in villages with the same status as other Indonesian citizens, but still faced oppressive work relations.

The historical conditions above are relevant to the strong desire of Tugu Utara Village citizens to live independently with self-esteem. Efforts to fight and get out of adversity were initially carried out by occupying state-owned forests located around the tea plantation area. Over time, the community grows so that the encroachers also increase in the forest area. Perhutani as the forest area stakeholder then embraces the community to jointly manage and protect the forest through its Collaborative Community Forest Management Program (PHBM). The implication of this PHBM program is that community are permitted and approved to exploit non-timber forest products and environmental services in forest areas.

Recognizing the bleak history of unequal tenure, Gaia Eko Daya Buana offers an egalitarian pattern of partnership in utilizing environmental services from forest areas by developing ecotourism. This was apparently welcomed by the community and they accepted the offer. They want to get out of their frustration "becoming laborers in their own land". They want to have equal work relations.