Universitas Indonesia Conferences, 7th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

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Appropriation of Policies on Education for Adat Community in Indonesia: A Reflection of the Failure of Indonesia as a Common Project
Indah Pratiwi, Bakti Utama

Building: Soegondo Building
Room: 709
Date: 2019-07-25 08:30 AM – 10:00 AM
Last modified: 2019-06-21


Starting in 2016, the Ministry of Education and Culture has implemented a special literacy program designed for Adat communities. This program was intended to alleviate the rate of illiteracy fot Adat Communities. This paper reports the assessment of the program, based on the assumption of education policy as practice of power (Levinson, Bradley A.U; Sutton, Margaret; Winstead, Teresa, 2009). Based on this assumption, our paper aims to investigate how the program was appropriated by executors at the local level and to identify various issues that followed the appropriation. Follow Holland, Lachicotte, Skinner & Cain (1998), appropriation refers to the ways that creative agents interprete and take in elements of policy. Our argumentations were adapted from the results of previous research conducted in five target areas; Dani Community in Lanny Jaya District, Orang Laut community in Konawe Islands District, Tengger Community in Pasuruan District, Talang Mamak community in Indragiri Hulu District and Suku Anak Dalam community in Sarolangun District. Through comprehensive review on documents related to the program, observation and in-depth interviews with members of the targeted-communities, issues related to the appropriation of this program were identified as follows:  (1) inaccurate targets of the program; (2) the emergence of program brokers; and (3) limited coverage of the program. The last section of this paper presents the discussions on research findings associated with Ben Anderson’s thesis about Indonesia as Common Project. In this research, the imagination centred upon national ideals of living in a unity as a nation were seen as insufficient in addressing real issues of diversity and conflicts of interests at the local level. Communities at the local level preferred accommodating their personal daily interests to emphasizing national ideals of living in unity as a nation.

Keywords: appropriation, education policy, indigenous community, basic literacy.