Universitas Indonesia Conferences, 7th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

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Dependence and Displacement: Case of Orang Kayo Pulau in Jayapura City
Hanro Yonathan Lekitoo

Building: Soegondo Building
Room: 126
Date: 2019-07-25 08:30 AM – 10:00 AM
Last modified: 2019-06-18

Abstract


The Kayo Pulau ethnic group and other indigenous ethnic groups who lived in the Humboldt bay of Jayapura City are ethnic groups called tribal communities by Keesing, because they do not have centralized political and economic leadership. Previously the Dutch government had established its authority in Jayapura on March 7, 1910. Later when the Second World War broke out, in 1942 the Japanese Occupation Army entered this area and built its military base there as the main base in the Pacific. Two years later, in 1944, the Allied Forces under the command of General Douglas MacArthur destroyed the Japanese base and occupied the area. The rapid changes caused the indigenous tribes who lived there, immediately jumped into a new world.

After the Allied Forces left, the Dutch government proceeded to continue its administration there. The Dutch government then moved the center of government which was originally in Manokwari, to Jayapura. In the Trikora period of 1961, when the Indonesian government entered Papua, the Jayapura area remained the center of government, as the capital of West Irian Province. Change is even greater when many migrants from inside Papua and outside Papua enter this area.

In fact, indigenous people have become marginalized, alienated and deprived of their cultural roots. However, this trait on the other hand is a good thing for Jayapura City whose people now live in harmony and peace, acknowledging and accepting each other. Even though their situation is quite difficult to change, but by using local wisdom, the "reciprocity" above they can survive. This can be seen from how they can still exist and survive in the context of kinship, economy, "politics" (modern), and religion.

Keywords: Indigeneous, Rapid change, Margiinalized, Reciprocity, Survive.