Universitas Indonesia Conferences, 7th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

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Originality Revisited: Rumah Adat and Tourism Development by The State
Mochammad Arief Wicaksono

Building: Soegondo Building
Room: 524
Date: 2019-07-25 01:00 PM – 02:30 PM
Last modified: 2019-06-18

Abstract


The imagination of the originality of traditional house (Rumah Adat) in Eastern Indonesia has tended to become one of the main capitals for the development of cultural and tradition-based tourism by the state, both the central government and the regional government. This condition then tends raise to the perspective that the Rumah Adat – the house – is a passive structure, only has the functions as a center of ritual and kinship, rather than as a center of residence for the people who inhabit it. Based on ethnographic research for six months in Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia my research shows that in the context of Sumba society in particular, homes are active subjects and cannot be separated from the changes and transformations. This transformations can be in a physical and socio-cultural context and structure. Unfortunately, this change and transformation by the state is seen as a “decline or reverse” to the potential for cultural and tradition-based tourism development because it is getting far away from the originality. This paper will try to unravel the complexity of discussing changes, physical, social, and cultural transformation in the context of the Sumbanese’s Rumah Adat: how far changes and transformations occur and how far these changes and transformations can be said to threaten the potential for cultural and tradition-based tourism development by the state?