Universitas Indonesia Conferences, 7th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

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DODENGO as A Document of Memory
Ninuk P. Kleden

Building: Soegondo Building
Room: 522
Date: 2019-07-25 08:30 AM – 10:00 AM
Last modified: 2019-06-21

Abstract


Dodengo is a martial art of the people of Gamkonora, a minority group living in the western part of the  district Halmahera, the province of North Maluku. As a performance Dodengo is already known among people before the advent of Islam in this area. Dodengo is often associated with war. In its performance people use salawako which is shield and goola, a  bamboo weapon to hit the opponent. The Gamkonora people have always been used to the situations of warfare. Since the Kingdom of Ternate was founded in 1250, Gamkonora became one of its vassals and was involved in various wars.In the course of later development, the warfare situations are maintained in Dodengo performance. The initial appearance of Dodengo is still unknown. However, an old women, born in1928  has watched the performance since her childhood. This show of fight disappeared during the Ambon horizontal conflict in 1998. Not until 2003 a young man from Talaga revived  Dodengo in a performance to celebrate Idul Fitri. This paper aims to demonstrate how the memory of Gambkonora people, who have been very often involved in various wars, can be analysed with a historical- and oral history approach, whereby the people put their memory on the record in Dodengo as a cultural document.

Keywords: Dodengo, history, oral history, culural document, memory.