Universitas Indonesia Conferences, 7th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

Font Size: 
Commodity Diversion on Landscape: Emerging Natives Tanjung Gunung Sovereignty
Dhimas Langgeng

Building: Soegondo Building
Room: 523
Date: 2019-07-23 01:30 PM – 03:00 PM
Last modified: 2019-06-18


Conservation is an agenda which requires biodiversity or nature to become commodities. In the fieldwork carried out during February-March 2018, Tanjung Gunung hamlet was included as a buffer zone for national park conservation area on Gunung Palung (TNGP), West Kalimantan. Awareness of collaborative management has been institutionalized by P-56/2006 regarding to zoning in national parks. Traditional zones are political arenas which often experience conflicts over forest resource use. I see that traditional zone here as a landscape where symbolic and material aspects show a tournaments of value (Appadurai, 1986). Throughout the early 90s until near the beginning of the early 21st century, almost all native of Tanjung Gunung made encroachment on wood, land, and animals hunting. By looking at landscape as an arena for value tournaments, fraught commodities are first diverted to be restricted. Employing governmentality as a technique of government and its effects has described as state power as expected, especially how the TNGP conducts resilience ranging from empowerment action by carrying out NTFPs.

This article tries to answer about how the governmentality (Foucaldian term) in the Tanjung Gunung arena under the NTFP programs manipulate the cultural definition of path and the strategic potential of commodity diversion. The variety of diversions in the commodity zone, in this case the NTFP program, shows that the TNGP vision creates demand and considers NTFPs as an enclaved commodity likewise reveal neoliberal criteria such as the commodification of nature. I argue that the diversion was also carried out by the Tanjung Gunung community; environmental governance assumed to be in the NTFP program was not fully present instead overlapping and contradicting each other. NTFPs have finally enabling natives to find their sovereignty by legitimizing their lives in the landscape.



Keywords: Commodification, NTFPs Program, Landscape, Governmentality, Sovereignty