Universitas Indonesia Conferences, 7th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

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The Preserve of Larungan Ritual in Suryabahari Vellage, Pakuhaji District, Tangerang Regency, Banten
Endin Saparudin

Building: Soegondo Building
Room: 125
Date: 2019-07-24 03:00 PM – 04:30 PM
Last modified: 2019-06-21


Larungan is a ritual of fishing communities which is carried out continuously every year. Symbolically, the ritual is an expression of gratitude for fishing communities to God for the blessings of fish catches in the west wind season. But now, in some fisherman communities on the coast of Banten, the Larungan ritual has various forms of change, such as being objectified as being merely a festival for the sake of tourism, or even extinct altogether. From the searches conducted by researchers to several coastal villages in Banten, only one fishing community was found which carried out the Larungan ritual on an ongoing basis, namely the fishing community in Suryabahari Village. For this reason, this study will discuss what the efforts have been made by the fishing community of Suryabahari in carrying out Larungan ritual reserving. By using the concepts of ritual, oral tradition, and performance studies, this research explored the dynamics of the complex socio-cultural life of the Suryabahari fishing community, especially those relating to beliefs, myths, and sacred symbols revealed in the whole series of events accompanying rituals, and especially in the Larungan ritual procession itself. From the analysis carried out, this study shows that there are at least five important aspects which are influential, there are efforts to defending Larungan ritual in Suryabahari Village. The five aspects are: (1) believe in/religion, (2) customer role, (3) funding management, (4) myth and narrative accident, and (5) Larungan ritual procession itself. The five appear to be intertwined and mutually reinforcing each other, so that if one aspect is removed, the Larungan ritual in Suryabahari Village will tend to change significantly as happened in other coastal villages in Banten.