Universitas Indonesia Conferences, 7th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

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COFFEE AND IDENTITY: Consuming Coffee, Building Identity, Maintaining Variety (Case Study in Palintang Community, Cipanjalu Village, Cilengkrang Sub-district, Bandung District, West Java)
Rahman Latif Alfian

Building: Soegondo Building
Room: 523
Date: 2019-07-23 01:30 PM – 03:00 PM
Last modified: 2019-06-18


On the basis of environmental history, the coffee crop of Arabica has been introduced and farmed in the Perhutani forest of Palintang hamlet, Cipanjalu village, Cilengkrang sub-district, Bandung, fifteen years ago. The local people of Palintang have been involved in the farming coffee to get better the household income of local people and to improve local environment of the Perhutani forest. This article discusses the impact of the coffee crop farming conducted by local people to various aspects of social, cultural and ecological aspects of Palintang area. This study used ethnographic approach that aims to reveal meaning from the standpoint of cultural stakeholders. Some techniques of collecting data, including observation, in-depth interviews, non-planned interviews, and casual interviews were applied. The results of the study showed that coffee cultivation in the forest conducted by Palintang community has been an important role, not only in economic aspect but also influence on social and ecological aspects of the Palintang community. Initially the main purpose of introduction and the farming of coffee crops that involve in participation of the local community was to increase income of the Palintang community. However, in its development the commodity of coffee farming has been popular and providing good economic value for local the community and has been an identity of Palintang community. Local people of Palintang have considered their coffee has been very distinctive characters that is different from that other coffee produced in other areas. As a result, the coffee become an identity of the Palintang. The Palintang coffee has been recognized as special distinctive coffee  by other communities in West Java. Moreover, the distinctive coffee crop planted in the Perhutani forest has been an important role in enhancing the high diversity of coffee varieties (landraces) in West Java particularly, and Indonesian in general.