Universitas Indonesia Conferences, 7th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

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Poverty and Poverty Reduction in New Developmental States: The Case of Indonesian Participatory Villages Governance
Muhammad Syukri

Building: Soegondo Building
Room: 709
Date: 2019-07-23 03:30 PM – 05:00 PM
Last modified: 2019-06-22

Abstract


Indonesia has been a country with extensive participatory development programs. In the recent past, it has the National Program for Community Empowerment (PNPM) as its flagship. In 2014, PNPM was terminated to make way for the new initiative: participatory village governance. This initiative is based on the Law No. 6/2014 on villages (the village law). If PNPM was the largest Community Driven Development program in the world, the participatory village governance is also the most prominent initiative to institutionalize the participatory approach in the state bureaucracy. As the continuation and institutionalization of the principles that have been introduced by PNPM, how does the new initiative addresspoverty and marginality? This question is intriguing because the current regime shows a tendency toward what Eve Warburton (2016) called New Developmentalism which focus very much on economic growth and infrastructure development, but is also very committed to poverty reduction. Is that really the case? Employing New Developmentalism and Intimate Government theoretical perspective, this paper will answer the question.

 

This paper is part of my Ph.D. thesis that uses several sources of data. The primary source is from my fieldwork in three different villages in three different districts in Ngada (NTT), Merangin (Jambi) and Wonogiri (Central Java). It also uses secondary data from a longitudinal monitoring project on the implementation of the village law carried out by The SMERU Research Institute, in which my research areas were part of its locations.

 

Keywords: Governmentality, Village, participatory, governance, democracy