Universitas Indonesia Conferences, 7th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

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Madihin, Preservation of the Local Traditional and Politics
Mujizah Abdillah Mujizah

Building: Soegondo Building
Room: 125
Date: 2019-07-24 10:30 AM – 12:00 PM
Last modified: 2019-06-21

Abstract


Madihin is an oral literature belongs to people in Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan. This oral tradition is in the form of hymns with specific rhyme and is usually performed by a pemadihin singer, accompanied by traditional music. This work is quite sustainable because of its adaptable and contextual features. Madihin is commonly performed in various traditional ceremonies and life cycles. It is often used for political reasons and for education as well as entertainment. This paper discusses how madihin has survived and descended through generations. It is also compelling to discuss its development and contributions to communities, especially in educational and political sectors. Descriptive analysis is applied for the analytical method. The results from this research indicate that madihin is an oral literature that survives because of its adaptability and contextual features. Madihin exists within the local tradition and become the legacy our ancestors. This sustainability of this oral literature is evident from the number of maestro of madihin and its frequency in various performance. Instead of being performed in traditional ceremonies, madihin often appears in a number of contests and festivals. The non-formal educational system for madihin can be found in workshops, and the formal system is inherent in the local content at schools. Interactive technology has been applied in the transformation of madihin. In conclusion, madihin as the local tradition has become the local identity and has contributed in various realms for the dignity of Banjar people.

Keyword: preservation, local tradition, analytical method, oral literature, local identity