Universitas Indonesia Conferences, 7th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia

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ISIS and "Virtual Caliphate": An Anthropological Analysis on the Rise of Cyber Terrorism in Indonesia
Al Chaidar Abdurrahman Puteh, Herdi Sahrasad

Building: Soegondo Building
Room: 126
Date: 2019-07-23 03:30 PM – 05:00 PM
Last modified: 2019-06-18


Although the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) has recently lost its territories and 80% of its revenue base, 30 official and semi-official ISIS channels and chat rooms still emphasize ISIS's longevity and strength in the future.  So far, the sharp decline in the area experienced by ISIS has also destroyed ISIS's ability to collect revenues from oil production and smuggling, taxation, confiscation and other similar activities. As a result of ISIS's destruction, ISIS's average monthly income has dropped by 80 percent, from US $ 81 million in the second quarter of 2015 to only US $ 16 million in the second quarter of 2017. However, ISIS is still strong in playing its role and existence on social media and the internet. Through the internet and social media, state development efforts by ISIS show everything to domestic and international audiences, from dam construction, digging wells, building infrastructure, to electrification of villages under ISIS control, and inoculating children in hospitals. The use of cyber-terrorism through the internet and social media has been carried out by ISIS and other extremist groups to spread hatred through cyberspace. The internet and social media sites are used as a broad database of what and how to promote violence as their strategy, where individuals can learn about deviant behavior from other groups, so that they obtain an extremism learning categorized by association, definition, differentiation, reinforcement , and imitation.