Universitas Indonesia Conferences, The 4th International Conference of Vocational Higher Education

Font Size: 
An Empirical Study of Professional License Acquisition – Theory of Planned Behaviour View -
Liang Wei Chien

Last modified: 2019-09-19


This research was conducted, taking the Theory of Planned Behavior, to identify professional workers’ perspectives on their professional license. According to this research purpose, the research issued survey questionnaires to 600 manufacturing workers in Yunlin County, located in the central Taiwan, as research sample. After follow-up, only 510 questionnaires were returned (81.66% of returned rate) including 490 questionnaires with complete and valid information, which were used as the major research data in this study, and 20 invalid ones. Subsequently, this research employed the SPSS 22 statistical software to analyze data according to the research purpose and major questions. The statistical analyses included descriptive statistics, reliability analysis, validity analysis, exploratory data analysis, correlation analysis, regression analysis, and structural equation modeling to examine the proposed hypotheses. The research results revealed that the people’s trust significantly affected their attitudes toward the professional certification. Their career plan could also significantly influenced behavior control while pursuing professional license; their attitudes, motivation, and behavior control significantly inspired their behavior intention to acquire professional licenses. This study finally suggested individuals who work in the workplace should devote themselves to effective learning skills and meet professional requirements through professional training and regular practices. It was also suggested to keep maintaining and improving their professional competence, work quality, and consumer services. Based on the personal career planning and skill requirements of the future employment environment, professional workers need to receive further knowledge and skills to ensure the values of professional licenses.


[1]          M. Morikawa, "Occupational licenses and labor market outcomes in Japan," Japan and the World Economy, vol. 48, pp. 45-56, 2018/12/01/ 2018.

[2]          I. S. Black, C. A. Hertig, and A. Y. Trinca, "Chapter 8 - The Power of Certification," in Women in the Security Profession, S. J. Davies Ed. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2017, pp. 79-88.

[3]          M. L. Lengnick-Hall and H. Aguinis, "What is the value of human resource certification? A multi-level framework for research," Human Resource Management Review, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 246-257, 2012/12/01/ 2012.

[4]          M. M. Kleiner, "Occupational Licensing in Health Care," in Encyclopedia of Health Economics, A. J. Culyer Ed. San Diego: Elsevier, 2014, pp. 409-413.

[5]          J. S. Wheeler, C. P. Renfro, J. Wang, Y. Qiao, and K. C. Hohmeier, "Assessing pharmacy technician certification: A national survey comparing certified and noncertified pharmacy technicians," Journal of the American Pharmacists Association, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 369-374.e2, 2019/05/01/ 2019.

[6]          K. Albert, "The certification earnings premium: An examination of young workers," Social Science Research, vol. 63, pp. 138-149, 2017/03/01/ 2017.

[7]          V. Carfora et al., "Explaining consumer purchase behavior for organic milk: Including trust and green self-identity within the theory of planned behavior," Food Quality and Preference, vol. 76, pp. 1-9, 2019/09/01/ 2019.

[8]          E. Giampietri, F. Verneau, T. Del Giudice, V. Carfora, and A. Finco, "A Theory of Planned behaviour perspective for investigating the role of trust in consumer purchasing decision related to short food supply chains," Food Quality and Preference, vol. 64, pp. 160-166, 2018/03/01/ 2018.

[9]          Y. Liu, Z. Hong, J. Zhu, J. Yan, J. Qi, and P. Liu, "Promoting green residential buildings: Residents' environmental attitude, subjective knowledge, and social trust matter," Energy Policy, vol. 112, pp. 152-161, 2018/01/01/ 2018.

[10]        K. Nuttavuthisit and J. Thøgersen, "The importance of consumer trust for the emergence of a market for green products: The case of organic food," Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 140, no. 2, pp. 323-337, 2017.

[11]        A. A. Yilmaz, A. Ilce, S. Can Cicek, G. E. Yuzden, and U. Yigit, "The effect of a career activity on the students' perception of the nursing profession and their career plan: A single-group experimental study," Nurse Education Today, vol. 39, pp. 176-180, 2016/04/01/ 2016.

[12]        S. Park, "Effects of Discipline-based Career Course on Nursing Students' Career Search Self-efficacy, Career Preparation Behavior, and Perceptions of Career Barriers," Asian Nursing Research, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 259-264, 2015/09/01/ 2015.

[13]        Y. Guan, W. Zhou, L. Ye, P. Jiang, and Y. Zhou, "Perceived organizational career management and career adaptability as predictors of success and turnover intention among Chinese employees," Journal of Vocational Behavior, vol. 88, pp. 230-237, 2015/06/01/ 2015.

[14]        I. Ajzen, "The theory of planned behavior," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 179-211, 1991/12/01/ 1991.

[15]        M. F. Y. Cheung and W. M. To, "The influence of the propensity to trust on mobile users' attitudes toward in-app advertisements: An extension of the theory of planned behavior," Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 76, pp. 102-111, 2017/11/01/ 2017.

[16]        M. Judge, G. Warren-Myers, and A. Paladino, "Using the theory of planned behaviour to predict intentions to purchase sustainable housing," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 215, pp. 259-267, 2019/04/01/ 2019.

[17]        A. Daxini, M. Ryan, C. O’Donoghue, and A. P. Barnes, "Understanding farmers’ intentions to follow a nutrient management plan using the theory of planned behaviour," Land Use Policy, vol. 85, pp. 428-437, 2019/06/01/ 2019.

[18]        E. Abu Bakar, N. Syamimi Isa, and S. Osman, "Application of Theory of Planned Behavior in the motor vehicle repair and service industry," Safety Science, vol. 98, pp. 70-76, 2017/10/01/ 2017.

Full Text: Untitled