Universitas Indonesia Conferences, Asian Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences (AFPS) 2019

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Optimization of complex nitrogen source, pH, and moisture content of medium for kojic acid production by Aspergillus oryzae under solid-state fermentation
Stefyana Hernawati

Last modified: 2019-07-18


Kojic acid is a secondary metabolite secreted by several molds from genus Aspergillus. It is often used as whitening agent in cosmetic products because of its ability to inhibit tirosinase activity in melanogenesis. The aim of this study is to obtain the best complex nitrogen source, optimal pH value, and optimal moisture content for kojic acid production by Aspergillus oryzae under solid-state fermentation. Optimization of complex nitrogen sources was carried out using medium yeast extract, soybean, mungbean, and groundnut. Furthermore, the optimization of pH value and initial moisture content were carried out gradually. Optimization of pH value was carried out with three variations (3.5, 4.5, and 5.5). Initial moisture content was also optimized with three variations (70%, 80%, and 90%). Of four variations of the medium, the optimal complex nitrogen source was obtained in soybeans with kojic acid levels of 0,792 mg/ml. The optimal pH value for kojic acid production was obtained at pH 5.5 with kojic acid levels of 1.2888 mg/ml. Three variations were carried out in the optimization of initial moisture content and the highest level of kojic acid was obtained 3.1852 mg/ml at an initial moisture content of 80%. The yield for determination of fermentation efficiency at optimal conditions was obtained at 0.0043 gg-1. The productivity of the fermentation process was obtained at 0.0001 gg-1hour-1 at optimal conditions.